Hangar Ticinum


Hangar Ticinum

20.01.2022 – Competition Results

The unquestionable historical and artistic value of the “Idroscalo”, the uniqueness of its architectural typology and the worrying state of decay in which the building has been for decades, are just some of the reasons that motivated the idea of this competition.

“Hangar Ticinum” challenged participants to imagine a full recovery of the hydroplane base with the ambition of restoring the importance and centrality it once had for the city of Pavia.

The awarded proposals were able to enhance the architectural characteristics of the original project by combining contemporary design interventions with flexible and interactive programs open to the local community.

TerraViva thanks all the competitors for participating in this competition and for contributing to the research within the framework of the rehabilitation of the Italian architectural heritage.


The house of light
Paulina Pawlikowska, Paulina Górecka [Poland]

The existing Idroscalo building has always played an important role in the life of the city, being a transit point, a shelter, a terrace and a landmark in the panorama of Pavia, where life has revolved around the river since its beginnings.
By introducing light into the space we try to invite passers-by to the city and to the interior of the building, thus restoring its original function.
The permanent structure is filled with glass, which will bring light outside the building. With the help of light the existing structure will again become a luminous point on the city map, inviting people from all directions.

By creating terraces in the interior, the building will connect the city with the river, creating new perspectives for the perception of the city.

The form of the building draws inspiration from the Shakespearean theater typology, creating many different scenarios for using the building and enjoying the performances inside and outside on the river. Visitors to the building create a shadow play on the façade, thus making their presence felt in the space.

Skids that were once used to lift hydrofoils inside are now symbolically pulled inside the building, thus creating a new hierarchy of space. Platforms with seats will be placed on them, which will naturally create a stage for performance space – theater. The result is a stage in the middle of the building surrounded by terraces. The interior is created by moving platforms that leave the floor, offering different configurations of scenes and possible scenarios for events in the building space.



Fata Morgana
Devin Dobrowolski [United States]

The project takes its name from the Fata Morgana, an atmospheric mirage making objects appear to hover just above the horizon. As in the myth of Morgan le Fay, a sorceress attributed with the power of transformation, the renovated Idroscalo retains the form of Pagano’s original design, but is given new life through a minimal but radical material intervention that transforms the disused hangar from a site of ruin, to a new form of flexible public space.

Taking cues from the abundant spontaneous vegetation of the site, the building operates like a greenhouse. After removing the brick and stucco infill, and reinforcing the existing concrete structure, the building is reclad in a lightweight, translucent polycarbonate skin that modulates light and temperature. In warm weather, the facade of the building opens almost entirely to allow for cross ventilation and expansive views along the Ticino. In cooler months, the polycarbonate allows for solar gain and traps heat.

Steel construction is used to shore up the existing concrete structure at maximum efficiency and minimum cost. A lightweight deck suspended from a series of pinned arches holds a central greenhouse with flexible work, meeting, and gathering space that can be accessed by stair and ramp. On the ground level, a central enclosure holds bathrooms and space for a small cafe and bar. The addition of this minimal but essential services maximizes and amplifies the greatest assets of the existing building–an expansive open space with expressed structure that creates a new indoor and outdoor public plaza at the gateway to the city.


TWOFOLD: A water infrastructure that heals
Valeria Paez Cala, Luisa Brando (luisabrando) [Colombia]

Twofold is a project that emerges from understanding that the enchantment of Hangar Ticinum’s ruin is due to its double essence that encapsulates Pagano’s rationale and Ticino’s wilderness. The project departs from this dichotomy and proposes an intervention that preserves this condition by buttressing and blending human interactions and natural processes.

The essence of the project is double, and so is its program. To reactivate the structure and the river, Twofold suggests two programs that heal through water. The first heals the human body, mind, and spirit with a complex of public baths, echoing the infrastructures of the Roman Empire. The second regenerates the river processes, biodiversity, and borders with a network of cleansing and seeding operations, engaging with climate change.

The essence of the project is double, and so is its architecture. To accommodate the activities, Twofold proposes two structures. The first is the reconstructed Hangar, with an intervention that restores Pagano’s initial logic and respects its structure, envelope, and roof. The second is its inversion, a floating shed traveling along Ticino, that energizes the river’s borders and unveils a new perspective of the city from inside the water.

When conceived, Hangar Ticinum was part of Pavia’s infrastructure to support its growth and prosperity. This lifted structure, disconnected from its landscape, embodied the principles of modernity, glorifying and sheltering man and his technologies. Twofold honors the initial project’s infrastructural origin. However, it redefines its scope by sheltering multiple forms of life and honoring water as the fundamental foundation.

Golden mentions

(ordered by registration code)

Idroscalo Hub
Di Feng, Lifang Zhang [China]

The Idroscalo was built in 1926 and will soon celebrate its 100th birthday. Since we are pleasantly surprised to find that the building is well preserved, from the very beginning we have the idea of preserving the original building.

First of all, the building has an excellent riverside landscape to enjoy the beauty of the ticino river. We envisage the removal of the original exterior wall and the introduction of silver perforated panels will evoke the image of planes; secondly, we make full use of the internal space of the building to integrate a series of functions of the community hub:Coffee, seaplane theme exhibition, children’s playground, teaching area, reading area, etc.; then, we also preserve the original track, transform it with steps to form a valuable waterfront accessible space, and set up an open air stage in the original seaplane docking area. It is suitable for holding performances and has a magnificent river view as a background.

Finally, in view of the overall isolation of the building from the environment, we redesign the entrance, connecting the city, the waterfront and the hangar through a spiral staircase, and create the possibility of reuse the underpart of the building in the future development.

ACT – Art Center Ticinum
Cecilia Marcheschi, Carlotta Di Sandro [Italy]

In the 1920s Giuseppe Pagano designed the seaplane base of Pavia. A building born to be both a point of departure and of arrival, a static container of dynamic and passing objects. It’s from this reflection that our desire of reinterpretation arose, thinking of the hangar not as a container of objects anymore, but instead of thoughts, culture and art.

In order to highlight the historic relevance of the artifact we decided to intervene mostly on the interiors of the building, keeping the essential characteristics of the seaplane base, a choice encouraged by the unpredictability of the context in which it’s set.

The most relevant external interventions are in fact limited to the construction of the two channels: the walkway, that leads from the road to the entrance, and the helical stairs that, like a vortex coming out of the river, connects the shore to the building.

The project, developed on two levels, offers a glimpse of the city. On the upper level there are various volumes hosting artistic labs that overlook a long U-shaped walkway; this walkway is thought as a city street in which the relentless succession of buildings saturates the space.

The cubes facing the walkway allow only but a few glimpses towards the lower level, highlighting the privacy aspect of these activities. The space, on the contrary, decompresses in the central area, an area conceived as a town square, which becomes the crux of the project, place where the various arts come to play.

The large public multifunctional space in fact preserves the original height of the building and opens up with a large stained glass window over the river, abandoning any form of intimacy.

PAVIA O.N: Two Stories, One Place
Shuangyun Chen, Raúl Martínez Medina (Rammarquitectos) [China, Mexico]

The O.N. building arose from the premise of creating a new leisure and creativity reference for the City of Pavia. Work, leisure, culture, sports and education blend here smoothly. It has a privilege position to link the historical city and the new cultural waterfront developments together.

The building serves as a node linking the old and the new, a place where the two stories meet and merge. It’s the transition point from an old and traditional city to a new liveable and thriving cultural district close to the water.

It frames up the programs in sections: the upper floors attached to the old city inherits the feeling of tradition, elegance, relaxation, and warmth from the historical city wall, while the lower floors invite the bold, pioneer, and experimental nature of the new district. It welcomes people of different ages, preferences, and ideas to work and play together.

Floors are open, free and permeable to the landscape and recreational activities surrounding the area, a place appropriate for social interaction where activities gather spontaneously in the follow-up, making the connection between the two sides of the city. Inside the building the entrance hall and audio visual rooms are flexible to become collaborative offices, workshops or places of discussion while incorporating other functions such as restaurant, caffe and open bar, new elements that allow the community to gather and enjoy the cultural gastronomic heritage of Pavia. A building that evolves and transforms with Pavia’s citizens and visitors.


Box for Culture
Giuseppe D’Albenzio [Italy]

Convinced of a respectful recovery of the artifact for its typological uniqueness and for its historical-artistic value, the concept imagines the re-functionalization of the large internal space of the seaplane base. The planned functions are: an auditorium, a room for impromptu exhibitions and a literary café.

The project transforms the empty and abandoned space of the seaplane base into a “Box for Culture”. A reference point for the community of Pavia, a city of great cultural and artistic wealth, where you can organize events, musical concerts, conferences, screenings, exhibitions, but at the same time a place where you can meet and socialize through a literary café with a bookshop, all set in an exceptional panoramic position. A simple idea that highlights the architectural and landscape features of the building, enhancing the internal and external relationship, restoring dignity and respect without ever trampling the spirit of Giuseppe Pagano’s work. A good compromise between the historical memory of the building and the new intended use.

“Our memory is our consistency, our reason, our feeling, even our actions. Without it we are nothing”.


Honorable mentions

(ordered by registration code)

Ticino Meet+ (A Floating Community Hub)
Chao Tang, Christiane M. Herr [China]

Towards a rural ecosystem -from agrosystem to open and attractive ecosystem-

Cascina Lossano is a collection of separate farm buildings grouped around a circulation or courtyard. This model for rationalizing agricultural space was certainly efficient, and ensured the farm continued existence for some time. However, the farm is no longer used for its original purpose. In order to respond to its new one and make it socially and environmentally efficient, it is necessary to make an act of interversion. «What was external, the atmosphere, is now at the center, suddenly confined in a closed, reduced, and narrow space; and what was the deepest strata is now arranged in concentric circles that move outwards toward the edges of the map […] where human and nonhuman life and the resources that sustain it are concentrated.» And attract points of life from various horizons, which as a whole will make the identity of the place.

Towards a new architectural and social vernacular -utility, solidity, beauty-

Utility: this rationalization is achieved through the creation of transversal service spaces that give thickness to the existing walls, through longitudinal circulation following a corridor on the outside perimeter and through convivial spaces inspired by agricultural sociability : the workroom and the drying house. We draw inspiration from a way of life to create a new one.

Solidity and beauty: drawing inspiration from built heritage and its know-how, to know how to remake with today’s needs and resources -available nearby like industrial-ordinary materials-, without turning our backs on contemporary knowledge.

Gianluca Basile, Antonino Caridi, Davide Casaletto (Fluidiforme) [Italy]

The project’s fundamental concept is “live, learn, leisure” symbolising the revitalization of a worn out farmstead into a versatile space for recreation and education. This transformation offers an escape from urban life, providing opportunities for activities such as pottery, painting, yoga, and winemaking. It harmoniously blends modernity with rural traditions, catering particularly to nearby city residents.

At its core, Aia serves as the centrepiece of Cascina. The Garage will be repurposed into a versatile facility, capable of functioning as a dining area, as well as a venue for ceremonies and business events.

The Porch will transform into a hub for various activities, with an expanded underground level housing a winery, spacious second-floor rooms for classes and workshops, and a top-floor viewpoint offering picturesque view of the Cassina landscape.

The Stable has been converted into a residential complex. While retaining their rustic character, the interiors offer a modern and comfortable ambiance. Each apartment offers panoramic views of the picturesque surroundings, ensuring a restful stay.

The exteriors of the buildings will feature neutral colours and natural materials such as wood, brick and stone, seamlessly blending with the environment. Some of the old structures will only undergo conservation work just to preserve their original charm.

This project invites the discovery of a tranquil rural reality, effectively bridging tradition and modernity. It is a place where guests can relish nature, cultivate their passions, and create lasting memories in a delightful setting.

Continued Modernity
Ziyu Guo [China]

Cascina Lossano is an agricultural farm located in northern Italy. It dates back to the 18th century and has some buildings from the 1960s considerably deteriorated . The intervention of this place to be functional again and adapt it to the needs of rural life, without losing its architectural line, is a challenge for the conservation of this cultural heritage, especially if we want to keep intact the essence of this place.

The project considers capturing part of the rural landscape of the territory surrounding this farm, and integrat it as an essential part of Canscina Lozano. In this way, the rice fields and the network of canals will continue expressing, through the water, the memory of this place.

The stable, the porch and the peasant’s houses are intervened for projecting a void towards the landscape and inside, a mirror of water that reflects it. In addition, it incorporates the rice fields into the ´´Aia´´ courtyard, through the construction of community gardens as new meeting spaces for tourists, promoting the agricultural tradition of the area.

In the buildings, each apartment has double height, that it is used to increase the internal luminosity of the construction and it allows to show the details of the bricks and the finishes of the project. The skylights capture the natural light of the sun during the day and at night each room is illuminated by the night sky, creating a landmark in the landscape.

The wide Ticinum hall
Léo-Paul Chorel, Camille Bluin [France]

Cascina is an authentic Italian traditional housing, embodying humanistic ideas of social structure, agricultural practices, and rational construction methods. However, it also encapsulates Western anthropocentric notions, which tend to overlook the relationship with the uncontrollable non-human elements of the surrounding. This is evident in its imposing walls, small openings, and the building arrangement, which create a distinct boundary between human and nature.

However, in today’s context, rural dwellings are sought after by those who desire a profound connection with nature. This presents Cascina with a dual challenge: the need to preserve its historical significance and the need to radically intervene and establish a direct contact with nature.

The Permeable Palimpset ingeniously resolves this dilemma by introducing a peripheral extension to the original structure. This light framework not only manifests the contemporary rational construction method, but also seamlessly bridges the surrounding environment to the interior space through its translucent, openable envelope and skylight. Tree shades over the living room, while windows can be opened to transform the space into an exterior experience. Each garden is encircled by delicate steel fences, addressing privacy and territorial boundaries while minimizing any disruption to natural sunlight, wind, and the non-human elements.

Furthermore, the project respects the existing vegetation that reclaimed the site during its period of decay and even encourages further growth in accordance with the ecoregion of Sant’Alessio con Vialone. This intervention introduce a more favorable microclimate to the building while creating a shelter for various lifeforms.

The Life Frames
Marcelina Terelak, Aleksandra Piechota, Katarzyna Jasińska, Kamila Boroch [Poland]

Inscribed in the landscape, Cascina Lossano leaves a physical and tangible trace of past events. The very existence of this relic in our environment is the guarantor of our memory. This ruin is not limited to a simple spatial manifestation, it also reveals its double: the ghost of what could have been, of what is not yet. The entity formed by the Cascina Lossano thus oscillates between two tangled temporalities: one present and material, made of brick and concrete, the other fictitious and non-current, stimulating our imagination.

How can we preserve the authenticity of this ruin and make it visible while giving it a sustainable habitat use?

The project takes advantage of this state of ruin by soaking up the opportunities offered by the site. The manor, the farmhouse, the porch and the stable are preserved. With the piggsy, garage and storage rooms demolished, their materials are reused so that their stories live on. Through punctual gestures, the project preserves the existing in its essence. Architecture takes advantage of the state of ruin to invent new ways of living. Removal of fragments of facades and roofs, installation of surface-mounted joinery, addition of bio-sourced elements, structural consolidations, the project rigorously studies every detail to form a whole suspended in time.

The architectural actions orient the project towards the landscape and the Aia. The housing is developed around a common source bordered by fragments of ruins and plants creating an oasis serving life and its history.

Pavia’s Livingroom
Hoang Le Van, Nam Nguyen Cao Hoai, Huy Ngo Nguyen Minh, Anh Phan Hieu Trung, Ky Do Dang [Viet Nam]

Cascina Lossano for Communities is a collective living space recovered from the former Lombardy farmstead located in the countryside near Pavia. The preservation of the three main buildings and the old central aia has guided the design idea towards a new concept of settlement, in a delicate harmony and co-hesiveness with the pre-existing elements. A light metal structure composes the weave of the new building, elaborating the main spaces of sharing. A gym, a library, a gardening workshop, a laundry, a storage space and a large communal kitchen are the spaces around the residences and allow the inhabitants to share, in addition to the spaces, services, resources and energy in a cohousing perspective as we currently tend to restore. It was a spontaneous idea to concentrate, around an open space, a series of functions to share and complement the private flats. The aia returns to being an element belonging to man, versatile according to different situations: a space for play, for sport or outdoor cinema, it becomes fundamental for the inhabitants’ sociability. The rural aspect is also maintained and strengthened through the introduction of communal gardens, another important element of sharing and aggregation for the community. The irrigation of the cultivated fields takes place thanks to a well that exploits the natural resource in a sustainable and ecological manner, as well as the installation of photovoltaic panels to produce electricity. The agricultural activity encourages the consumption of 0 km products, for which a sales area has been designed that is also accessible from outside.

Ticinum Cultural Pavi(a)lium
Gianluca Ardiani, Violetta Breda, Martino Cucurnia, Mattia Festa, Xhesika Prifti [Italy]

Old farms in rural areas, and cascinas in particular, are proving to be relevant models of living spaces for the future, microcosms where a synergy of human activities is established, a « sinergia rurale ».

Between Pavia and Milan, the Cascina Lossano, with its small scale and diver- sity of buildings, is an opportunity to experiment with the transformation of a former farmhouse into a new microcosm within which a « sinergia rurale » is established. Starting from the existing structure and integrating new uses, the project envisages the reactivation of farming activities, the development of a lodge and the creation of housing, offices and an artist’s studio.

The largest residential building, The Manor House, has been renovated to provide a permanent home for a farming family, with pig rearing in the new Pigsty and vegetable growing in the Garden. Cured meats and ve- getables are then stored in The Pantry, before being eaten on site or sold. The second residential building, The Farmer House, has been converted into a lodge with several types of individual accommodation grouped around a common living room, enabling all types of guests to be accommodated on a temporary basis.The former Stable has been completely redesigned from the inside out, allowing it to be used flexibly for housing, offices and an artist’s studio. Finally, The Porch, open to the courtyard «Aia», has been preserved in its original beauty and aura. Common to all, it has become the place where straw is stored, but also where meals, parties and concerts are held late into the night.

The project is inspired by genius loci, and is in continuity with the existing building while adding subtle touches of modernity, in order to preserve tradi- tion, reveal the essence of the place and breathe new life into it.

A Collective House on the River
Lucia Rosa Harder, Emil Boje [Denmark]

The aim is to create a community that embraces a simpler lifestyle, reminiscent of their ancestors, characterized by agriculture and craftsmanship by preserving the charm and architectural integrity of the Cascina through low-impact actions.

The outdoor spaces are a unified public area, connecting the blocks while still offering different levels of privacy through natural elements, trees or different flooring materials. Public access is located to the north, providing peaceful outdoor areas to the west, for the Farmer, Manor House and the Stable’s independent units.

The secret garden is both an orchard and a meditation place for the community, while a new pergola serves as a bike park, with a pathway leading to the housing blocks, into a semi-private garden.

A new volume guides visitors to the main public outdoor space, the Aia, a shaded mineral square providing access to the Porch and the new building, extending their functions.

An urban garden and a pool, housed within the existing structures of the Pigsty and the Pergola, overlook the fields.

Only eco-friendly materials are involved: insulation and plaster of the existing building are made of rice husks while the new building -a multipurpose room where sliding panels and compact furniture allow flexible functions- is in wood.

The interiors are compatible with a community made of families, artisans, travellers and pioneers keen to experiment the proposed lifestyle, creating a social mixite where the creative reuse of the Cascina leads to the Urban regeneration and rediscovery of the whole area.

Plays of Ticino
Elene Machaidze, Giorgi Maisuradze, Mariam Shaishmelashvili, Salome Gugunava, Nodar Kvanchiani, Irina Maskhulia, Irakli Shubashikeli, Doruntina Zendeli, Aysel Kapsız [Georgia, Macedonia, Turkey]

The design process began with decisions on which buildings to demolish and which to refurbish. In this proposal, both buildings H (Garage) and G (Pigsty) were demolished to make way for a new building. This new structure matched the volume of building H and extended to the limits of building G, resulting in the creation of four distinct outdoor spaces.

Starting at the site entrance, there are six flowerbeds where new residents can plant vegetables, flowers, or herbs. In the centre of the site, a gathering space previously known as the Aia was created, serving as a focal point where all the buildings converge. In the area formerly occupied by building G has been transformed into an open green space for children to play, adults to exercise, and individuals to relax under trees or by a pool. Finally, a semi-private area was designated for the farmer’s house and manor house buildings, offering new homeowners a more private outdoor space.

Throughout the design, efforts were made to preserve the unique features of the existing buildings, maintaining the overall ambiance of the old cascina. These existing structures were repurposed into new apartment buildings, each offering diverse living spaces for different lifestyles.

The new building proposed a mixed-use space, providing common amenities for the neighbourhood, including a small gym, a shared laundry room, and a versatile area that could function as a coworking space, cafeteria, or event space for gatherings and celebrations.

Sweet Drift
Annabelle Thüring [France]

The Tre-Atriums project envisions the transformation of the historic Cascina into a harmonious community, offering nine housing units of varying sizes. To enrich the communal experience and foster a strong sense of belonging, we propose three interconnected atriums within the original structure. These atriums will not only serve as dynamic public voids for interactions but also establish a vital link connecting the diverse community with the surrounding agricultural field. To ensure the structural integrity and stability of the aged Cascina, new structures are introduced not only to provide support for the new spaces but also to define the character of the living areas, evoking a meaningful dialogue with the history of agricultural life.


(ordered by registration code)

Hangar Ticinum Results